Blue light is a high-energy visible (HEV) light spectrum that is both naturally emitted by the sun and artificially by digital screens and LED lights. Due to our increased reliance on digital devices, we're being exposed to more artificial blue light than ever before.
How Does Blue Light Affect Vision?
Blue light penetrates deeper into the eye than other colours, potentially affecting the retina. This can lead to digital eye strain, characterised by symptoms like dryness, itchiness, and blurry vision.
Potential Risks of Prolonged Exposure
Disruption of Circadian Rhythm: Blue light exposure, especially during the evening, can disrupt our internal body clock, making it harder to fall asleep.
Retinal Damage: Excessive blue light exposure might cause damage to light-sensitive cells in the retina, possibly increasing the risk of age-related macular degeneration.
Benefits of Blue Light Exposure
While blue light is often associated with negative impacts, it's not entirely bad. Natural blue light from the sun helps regulate our sleep-wake cycle, boosts alertness, and elevates mood.
Ways to Protect Against Blue Light Exposure
Screen Filters: Using screen filters can reduce the amount of blue light emitted from digital devices.
How to Implement: Purchase blue light filters or screen protectors specifically designed for your device and install them.
Wearing Blue Light Glasses: These glasses have a special coating that filters out a percentage of blue light.
How to Implement: Opt for prescription or non-prescription glasses that offer blue light protection.
Adjusting Screen Settings: Many devices come with settings to reduce blue light emissions, usually termed "night mode" or "warm mode".
How to Implement: Dive into your device settings, locate display options, and activate these blue light reducing options.
Follow the 20-20-20 Rule: Every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and focus on something 20 feet away to reduce eye strain.
How to Implement: Set periodic reminders on your phone or computer to take breaks and rest your eyes.
While blue light is a natural part of our environment, excessive exposure, especially from digital screens, can have detrimental effects on our vision and overall health. By understanding these impacts and taking proactive measures, we can safeguard our eyes for a clearer, brighter future.